| - Gorka Dieitz-Sanxurxo |
今週の #WOTW は「affect」です。’Affect’ and ‘effect’ are two words that we often get mixed. It’s rather confusing because sometimes their meanings seem to overlap! Generally speaking, ‘affect’ means ‘make a difference to’ something or someone. (This is not the only meaning though, so pay attention below!). However, we use ‘effect’ to talk about results. Today, we will be having a look at ‘affect’ and will deal with ‘effect’ next week.
‘Affect’ (like ‘effect’) can be both a verb and a noun. Let’s start with the verb.
- Living near a motorway affects people’s health. (Have an effect on or make a difference to.)
- No matter how many times the politician lies. It doesn’t seem to affect his career. (See above.)
- I was very affected by his words. (Touch the feelings of; move emotionally.)
- She was visibly affected by the images. (See above.)
- She affected sympathy but, actually, she couldn’t have been less interested. (Pretend to have or feel something.)
- The campaign affects to criticise consumerism while trying to woo people to buy their product. (See above.)
- He affected a British accent just for a laugh. (Use, wear, or assume something pretentiously or so as to make an impression on others.)
It’s time for the noun now, but you should know that ‘affect’, as a noun, is rarely used in everyday English and, when it is, in a psychology context. In fact, the noun for ‘affect’ as seen above is ‘affectation’, not ‘affect’. ‘Affect’, as a noun, means emotion or desire as influencing behaviour. For example::
- Affect, like anger, can trigger dangerous behaviour.