WOTW: distance

| - Gorka Dieitz-Sanxurxo |

triplo word of the week - distance

 

今週のWord of the Weekは「distance」です. “Distance” is a noun and a verb, and what you want between you and certain kind of people. It is also used in a couple of intereting phrases. Ready, let’s go!

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First, let’s have a look at “distance” as a noun.

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- There’s a short distance between my place and work, so I cycle every day. (The length of the space between two points.)

- What’s the distance between Tokyo and Kyoto? (as above)

- Distance feels bigger when you’re tired or hungry. (The condition of being far off; remoteness.)

- I won’t ride the bull, but I’ll watch you do it from a distance. (A far-off point.)

- I got lost in Takao, but I knew I wasn’t far from civilisation because I could hear traffic in the distance. (with the article ‘the’, the more remote part of what is visible.)

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“Distance” can also be used meaning ‘time’.

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- At a distance of 10 years, now I knew it was the right decision. (An interval of time.)

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We can also use “distance” in horse racing or boxing contexts. If you’re interested in these more specialised uses, please check them out. We will now have a look at the verb.

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- In moving to the outskirts, he wanted to distance his children from city life. (Make someone or something far off or remote.)

- Some Republicans are trying to distance themselves from Trump. (Declare that one is not connected with or a supporter of someone or something else. Notice that we say ‘distance oneself from’.)

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Now, for the phrases.

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- [distance lends enchantment to the view] This is a proverb and it means that things look better from further away, so we shouldn’t believe what we see from a distance.

- [go the distance] After the mending the car should go the distance. (Last for a long time.)

- [keep one's distance] Keep your distance from the horses. They might look docile, but don’t forget their wild horses. (Stay far away.)

- [keep one's distance] You can attend the meeting, but keep your distance. (Maintain one's reserve, don’t say anything.)

- [within (walking/driving/swimming…) distance] My flat is withing walking distance from the station. (Near enough to reach by the means specified.)

- [within striking distance] I was within striking distance of passing the test, but I didn’t. (Near enough to hit or achieve something.)

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イギリス英語の発音はRなし、/ˈdɪst(ə)ns/です。最後に「U」の音はありませんので気をつけてください。音節は2つです。また来週!

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