WOTW: effect

| - Gorka Dieitz-Sanxurxo |

triplo word of the week - effect

 

今週の #WOTW は「effect」です。As we said last week, ’affect’ and ‘effect’ are two words that we often get mixed. Just to remind you, ‘affect’ means ‘make a difference to’ something or someone, and ‘effect’ has more to do with results. So, let’s have a look at ‘effect’, first, as a noun.

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- All this drinking will have an effect on your health. (A change which is a result or consequence of an action or other cause.)

- Children around the world are protesting climate change. This is known as the “Greta effect”. (See above.)

- What people in government do has an effect on the lives of ordinary people. (See above.)

- The new schedule will take effect soon. (The state of being or becoming operative.)

- Baking powder is not only for cooking. It can be used in cleaning to great effect. (The extent to which something succeeds or is operative.)

- The sound of the wind through the branches of a tree has a calming effect on me. (An impression produced in the mind of a person.)

- The light effects are an important part of any pop concert. (Plural. The lighting, sound, or scenery used in a play, film, or broadcast.)

- Please, make sure you take all you personal effects. (Plural. Personal belongings.)

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‘Effect’ is also a verb…

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- His rom-coms have effected the ideas people have about romantic relationships. (Cause something to happen or bring something about.)

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…and part of a group of interesting phrases.

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- [come into effect] The tax hike will come into effect in October. (Come into force or start to apply.)

- [in effect] The new coastal law is not in effect yet, so it doesn’t affect people who have already built a house in the area. (In force.)

- [in effect] Doing your laundry once a week does, in effect, save you money and water consumption. (In practice, even if not formally acknowledged.)

- [for effect] I don’t think he really believes what he says on TV. It’s just for effect. (In order to impress people.)

- [put something into effect] Stop thinking about the plan and put it into effect! (Cause something to apply or become operative.)

- [take effect] When the smoking ban took effect in pubs everybody thought it’d be a disaster. Turns out, nothing happened and people actually like it. (Come into force or start to apply.)

- [to the effect that] He said something to the effect that he was not coming to the party because he didn't’t like the menu. (Used to refer to the general meaning of something written or spoken.)

- [to that effect] Some feminists protest that bras are oppressive and don’t wear them to that effect. (Having that result, purpose, or meaning.)

- [with effect from] She will be the new manager with effect from the first next month. (This is British. It means starting from a specified date.)

- [with immediate effect] He said what? He should resign with immediate effect! (As soon as possible.)

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発音は/ɪˈfɛkt/です。音節は2つです。後ろに/O/の音がありませんので、気をつけてください。また来週!

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