| - Gorka Dieitz-Sanxurxo |
今週の #WOTW は「finish」です。’Finish’ is most usually a verb, but it is also a noun and, as always, there are a couple of interesting uses. As a verb, in combination with different prepositions, it takes very interesting meanings. Don’t you love language? Let’s have a look, first, at the verb then.
- Have you finished homework yet? (Bring a task or activity to an end; complete.)
- You won’t go out and play unless you finish your greens. (Consume or get through the final amount or portion of something, especially food or drink.)
- When did the Edo Era finish? (A period or activity coming to an end.)
- We finished up the party by singing in unison. (End a period of time or course of action by doing something.)
- She finished her life a great writer, respected by everybody. (End a period of time or course of action by being in a particular position.)
- I didn’t win, but I finished third, which is okay. (Reach the end of a race or other competition.)
- Rooney finished very well today, don’t you think? (In football, score a goal or goals. British English.)
- The superiority of the army meant they were finished off before the battle started. (Kill, destroy, or comprehensively defeat.)
- This hike has finished me off. Pass me the water. (Reduce to utter exhaustion or helplessness.)
- The box is finished with varnish so as to protect the design. (Complete the manufacture or decoration of something by giving it an attractive surface appearance.)
- We are not aware of the number of animals that are finished and slaughtered every single day. (Complete the fattening of livestock before slaughter.)
- Well-to-do families use to finish their girls with the help of tutors. (Prepare a girl for entry into fashionable society. This is very old fashioned.)
Let’s have a look at the noun now.
- Fireworks are a lovely finish to any festival. (An end or final part or stage of something.)
- The song is very energetic from start to finish. (See above.)
- He tripped and fell 5 metres from the finish. (A point or place at which a race or competition ends.)
- The gadget has a cheap finish, but don’t let that fool you. It’s a good product. (The manner in which the manufacture of an article is completed in detail.)
- I like the cut of this coat, but the finish is too flashy for me. (The surface appearance of a manufactured material or object, or the material used to produce it.)
- They make their own beer and it has a sweet flavour on the finish. (The final taste impression of a wine or beer.)
We will leave you this week with a couple of phrases.
- [to the finish] The game was full of tension to the finish. (Until the complete defeat of one of the parties involved.)
- [finish with] Pass me the newspaper when you’re finished with it. (Have no more need for or nothing more to do with.)
- [finish with]
A: Why did you finish with Ellen?
B: Because she cheated on me with my brother.
(End an emotional relationship with. This is informal.)