A Vocabulary Learning Tip


| - Tim Lake |


Learning new vocabulary is difficult but there is one technique that you can use to help optimise your ability to remember. In fact it’s something that you’ve probably already used if you have ever you used a language learning app such as DuoLingo, iKnow or Memrise, because they are all based around the same principle. This principle is called “spaced repetition”.

新しい語彙の習得は簡単ではありませんが、覚える力を最大限にするテクニックが1つあります。 実際には、DuoLingo、iKnow、Memriseなどの言語学習アプリを使用したことがある方なら、おそらくすでに使用しているものです。なぜならどれも同じ原理に基づいているからです。これは「間隔反復」と呼ばれます。


It’s a very simple idea, that is supported by evidence, and is based on the speed at which you forget something. It tells you how long you should wait before reviewing a particular item after you have learnt it to help reinforce the memory. Spaced repetition uses the spacing effect which says that studying is best spread out over time rather than crammed in at one time (Haven’t we mentioned before that cramming is a bad way to study!)

人が何かを忘れるスピードに基づいた、証明済みの非常に単純な考え方です。ある内容を学んでから、その記憶を強化するために、どの程度の間隔をあける必要があるのかを教えてくれます。間隔反復とは、一度に詰め込む方法(悪い勉強法だといいましたよね!) ではなく、勉強は時間の経過とともに最大の効果が上がるという間隔効果を利用します。


There are many methods and specific ways to track what you are learning, but in order to give you something simple to work from we’ll give you a simple list of how long you need between each repetition.


(出所: https://www.supermemo.com/en/archives1990-2015/articles/paper)


The key though is not just to read the material or words again, but actually test yourself. The things you don’t remember should move back a repetition, or back to the beginning. Only the words you can remember move on to the next repetition.



Spaced repetition is very effective for vocabulary learning, but it can be used for almost anything you have to learn or memorise.



This article was originally published in the triplo newsletter.