What does learn, extend, create mean?

learn, extend, createの意味とは?

| - Tim Lake |

learn, extend, createの意味とは?

The idea of learn, extend, create is a major part of triplo. It is used to organise the three types of lessons we teach and is a central idea in our approach to teaching English. But where does it come from, what does it mean and why do we use it? Learn, extend, create, is connected to ideas about designing an effective language course as well as the cognitive process that we use to acquire knowledge. Here we will explain the origins of learn, extend, create and tell you why we think it is important.

「learn」「extend」「create」は、トリプロで取り入れている重要な学習アプローチ法です。私たちは、英語のレッスンをこの3タイプに分けて教えています。でもそれらは一体どこから来ていて、何を意味し、何のために使うのでしょう? learn, extend, createは、語学コースを効果的にデザインするための考え方であり、知識を習得する時の認知プロセスと関連しています。ここでは、learn, extend, createの起源を説明し、その重要性をお伝えしたいと思います。


First the language course design part


The influential English teacher and applied linguist, Micheal Swan, wrote an essay called “Two out of Three Isn’t Enough” (2006) for a major English teaching conference. In it, he explained the three essential elements he thought you needed to make a successful language course - what he calls extensive, intensive and anaylsed - that were applied to both input and output.

4影響力のある英語教師であり、応用言語学者でもあるマイケル・スワンは2006年、大手英語教育学会のために「Two out of Three Isn't Enough」と題したエッセイを執筆しました。彼はその中で、成功する語学コースを作るために必要な本質的な3要素、つまり彼が言うところのextensive、intensive、anaylsedをインプットとアウトプットの両方に応用して説明しています。


In the anaylsed phase, students study the rules of grammar with examples and learn lists of vocabulary for the input stage. The output stage is focused on controlled exercises and practice of specific rules.



IIn the intensive phase, students study texts either through listening or reading with the aim of creating a deeper understanding of how language is used. This could include the memorisation of specific passages as well as anaylsing texts with a teacher.



In the extensive phases, students are encouraged to do large amounts of reading for input, and speak and write freely for the output side.



Swan’s argument was that a lot of language courses fail to use all three elements - some focus only on output, others only on grammar, and very few, outside of academic course, take the intensive phase seriously.



Our aim when starting triplo was to put that right and make sure we covered all three areas, so we incorporated those three elements by creating the learn, extend, create lessons.



Learn is primarily the analysed phase, but often includes focusing on texts and studying in context at higher levels. Learn lessons also use a lot of controlled practice exercises for output.

学ぶ (learn) ことは主にanalysedの段階ですが、大抵は難易度の高い文章の分析や勉強を指します。learnのレッスンでは、アウトプット用にきちんと準備された多くの練習問題を行います。


Extend is similar to the intensive phase where we focus more on understanding listening and reading passages, with output practice based on the topic.



Finally, create is the extensive output stage where the aim is to speak, talk, and sometimes write as much as possible. As for extensive input, that is why we have the library: extensive reading!



However, that’s not all.


Cognitive psychologists suggest that there are three stages to acquiring a skill, three stages of knowledge building which are called declarative, procedural, and automatic.



In the declarative stage you are introduced to new knowledge and try to understand the different parts, rules, and functions. This knowledge is mostly theoretical and hasn’t yet been moved into something that can be used. It is also stored in your short term memory.



In the procedural stage, you are starting to use that new knowledge to build practical ability. This is about translating the theoretical into the practical. It requires practice and effort to retrieve what you know from your memory and use it.



In the automatic stage, what you have learnt is a practical skill and no longer just theory. You are able to carry out the task without effort or having to retrieve what you know and how to do it from your memory. You apply the skill without thinking.



I’m sure you can see simple parallels to this process in something like learning to ride a bike, but of course it applies to language learning, where learning grammar patterns is a clear example.



So again, learn corresponds to the declarative stage, extend to the procedural, and create to the automatic. Learn, extend, create tries to mirror the way that you acquire knowledge by taking you through those three stages.

繰り返しになりますが、learnは宣言的な段階に対応し、extendは手続き的な段階に対応し、createは自動化の段階に対応します。learn, extend, createは、この3段階を模して知識を獲得することを目指しています。


Learn, extend, create at triplo has two aims then. The first is to give you a complete English course that covers the three essential elements of a good language learning course. The second is to follow the typical path for acquiring a new skill. The result of both of these is to improve your English effectively.

トリプロのlearn, extend, createには2つの目的があります。1つ目は、この語学学習の3要素を網羅した完全な英語コースを提供すること。もう1つは、新しいスキルを習得するための典型的な道筋をたどることです。この2つの組み合わせによって、効果的に英語力を向上させることができるのです。