| - Tim Lake |
今週の #WOTW は ‘claim’ です. ‘claim’ is a verb and a noun, but it is often miss used in Japanese English. Hopefully this week we will make clear how you use claim. Read on!
The first meaning of the verb ‘claim’ is to say something is true without evidence or support.
- The lawyer claimed that his evidence was unreliable.
- She claimed I stole her pen.
- They claimed that the outage was a computer error and not a hack.
- He claims that he lost his phone and couldn’t have made the call.
The second meaning of the verb ‘claim’ is to officially request something or say that something is yours.
- The rules apply to anyone who claims asylum in this country.
- Only people over the age of 65 can claim a state pension.
- The prize money must be claimed before the end of October.
- It won’t be long before nations claim territory on the moon and even on Mars.
The third meaning of the ‘claim’ is to cause the loss of life.
- The accident claimed the lives of five people.
- The injuries eventually claimed his life.
The nouns follow the same meaning as the verbs. Here are some examples:
- The claim that new visa regulations will begin next year is not true. (saying something is true)
- His claim that the election was rigged is without any basis in fact. (saying something is true)
- Their claims for political asylum were denied. (an official request)
- I had to make a claim on my insurance to cover the cost of repairs. (request something you are owed)
- His son has first claim on the property. (a right to something - it’s yours)
- All the remaining claims for compensation were awarded by the court. (a right to something)
In Japanese English ‘claim’ is often used when people usually mean ‘complain’.
She made a claim about the food → She complained about the food.
この単語は、英語で最もよく使われる3,000の単語のリストであるNew General Service Listからのものです。完全なリストはこちらから。