WOTW: claim

| - Tim Lake |

triplo word of the week - claim

 

今週の #WOTW は ‘claim’ です. ‘claim’ is a verb and a noun, but it is often miss used in Japanese English. Hopefully this week we will make clear how you use claim. Read on!

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The first meaning of the verb ‘claim’ is to say something is true without evidence or support.

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- The lawyer claimed that his evidence was unreliable.

- She claimed I stole her pen.

- They claimed that the outage was a computer error and not a hack.

- He claims that he lost his phone and couldn’t have made the call.

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The second meaning of the verb ‘claim’ is to officially request something or say that something is yours.

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- The rules apply to anyone who claims asylum in this country.

- Only people over the age of 65 can claim a state pension.

- The prize money must be claimed before the end of October.

- It won’t be long before nations claim territory on the moon and even on Mars.

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The third meaning of the ‘claim’ is to cause the loss of life.

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- The accident claimed the lives of five people.

- The injuries eventually claimed his life.

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The nouns follow the same meaning as the verbs. Here are some examples:

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- The claim that new visa regulations will begin next year is not true. (saying something is true)

- His claim that the election was rigged is without any basis in fact. (saying something is true)

- Their claims for political asylum were denied. (an official request)

- I had to make a claim on my insurance to cover the cost of repairs. (request something you are owed)

- His son has first claim on the property. (a right to something - it’s yours)

- All the remaining claims for compensation were awarded by the court. (a right to something)

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In Japanese English ‘claim’ is often used when people usually mean ‘complain’.
She made a claim about the food → She complained about the food.

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発音は/kleɪm/ です。

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この単語は、英語で最もよく使われる3,000の単語のリストであるNew General Service Listからのものです。完全なリストはこちらから。

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