| - Gorka Dieitz-Sanxurxo |
今週の #WOTW は「speak」です。’Speak’ is a verb we all know but, do you know what prepositions to combine it with and how to use it in phrases? No? Worry no more and keep reading!
- I won’t speak until my lawyer is here. (Say something in order to convey information or to express a feeling.)
- We need to speak. When do you have time? (Have a conversation.)
- Can you speak English? (Communicate in or be able to communicate in a language.)
- I can’t speak in front of people. (Make a speech or contribute to a debate.)
- Thank you, but I don’t need you to speak for me. (Express the views or position of another.)
- The book speaks to the issue of homelessness. (Answer a question or address an issue or problem.) It also speaks of loneliness in big cities. (Mention or discuss in speech or writing.)
- I need to speak to my kids about the telephone bill. (Talk to in order to reprove or advise.)
- That film speaks to me in a way I cannot explain. (Appeal or relate to.)
- Her diary spoke of abuse and bullying. (Serve as evidence for something.)
- His eyes spoke anger. (See above. Also, show or express.)
- It takes a certain amount of practice to make a trumpet speak. (Of a musical instrument or other object makes a sound when functioning.)
- My dog only speaks when I ask him questions. (Bark.)
It’s time for the phrases now.
- [not to speak of] Writing kanji is difficult, not to speak of all the different pronunciations. (Used in introducing a further factor to be considered.)
- [speak for oneself] Am I speaking for myself if I say that the food was not good at all at the party? (Give one's own opinions.)
- [something speaks for itself] Here’s a photo of you the detective took. I don’t think I have to explain it to you. I mean, it speaks for itself, doesn’t it? (The implications of something are so clear that no supporting evidence is needed.)
- [speak for yourself]
A: I think we can all agree she’s not a good candidate.
B: Speak for yourself. I happen to think she’d be a great addition to the team. (Used to tell someone that an opinion they have expressed is not shared by oneself. Imperative.)
- [speak in tongues] …and then, after the little girl goes in a trance, she starts to speak in tongues. It's so scary! (Speak in an unknown language during religious worship.)
- [speak well of] She speaks very well of you. (Praise.)
- [speak ill of] He might smile at you, but he speaks ill of you at the pub. (Criticise.)
- [speak one's mind] No politician speaks their mind nowadays. They only say what their strategists tell them to. (Express one's opinions frankly.)
- [speak volumes] The way he treats his subordinates speaks volumes. (Convey a great deal without using words.)
- [(nothing, none, no…) to speak of] Do I have a girlfriend? Um, none to speak of. (Used to indicate that there is so little of something that it is hardly worth mentioning.)
Last but not least, the phrasal verbs.
- [speak out (or up)] How can a leader be taken seriously if she never speaks out against injustice? (Express one's opinions frankly and publicly.)
- [speak up] Sorry, can you speak up? I can’t hear you. (Speak more loudly.)
- [speak up for] You didn’t speak up for me. That, I will never forgive you. (Speak in support of.)