| - Gorka Dieitz-Sanxurxo |
今週の #WOTW は最後の「street」です。’Street’ is a very common noun that is also used as a modifier and in a few phrases. Let’s have a look!
- Most streets in Tokyo have no names. (A public road in a city, town, or village, typically with houses and buildings on one or both sides.)
When talking about the roads or public areas of a city or town, we can use the prepositions ‘in’ and ‘on’. Both are correct, but ‘on the street’ may refer to a particular street or the pavement (EuE)/sidewalk (AmE), whereas ‘in the street(s)’ means just outdoors, in the city, or in the middle of the street. Also, ‘in’ is slightly more European, while ‘on’ is more used in North America.
- After they’ve closed the newsagents, there will be no more shops on our street.
- I don’t like people who text and walk in the street (or ‘streets’).
Let’s have a look at ‘street’ used as a modifier now.
- Rio de Janeiro is a spectacular city, but the sight of street kinds just broke my heart. (Someone who is homeless.)
- London street style and Milan street style are quite different. (See above)
Let’s have a look at the phrases now.
- [on the streets] Quite a few tourists are surprised that there are so many men on the streets in Tokyo. (Homeless.)
- [on the streets] It is only late at night that you see women working on the streets. (Working as a prostitute.)
- [not in the same street] The second candidate is not in the same street, don’t you think? (Far inferior in terms of ability. This is British and informal.)
- [streets ahead] The fifth candidate, though, she’s streets ahead. (Greatly superior. Also British, also informal.)
- [right from my street] He’s right from my street. (Denoting affinity or same social background or condition. Again, informal and British.)
- [from/in the streets] She didn’t go to school. She knows everything from the streets./She learnt in the streets. (Having informal urban knowledge. This is informal.)
- [up someone’s street] I think this book is right up your street. (something that a person likes or suits.)
- [the word on the street] The word on the street is that there will be a general election soon. (what people say, a rumour.)